Day 2: The Oireachtas and the Judiciary

This is my second day of mapping the state, if you'd like to view day 1 in which I analyse the formal framework of the Irish government you can view it here

The Oireachtas:untitled2

This is my second day of mapping the Irish state if you want to view day 1 you can find it here.

The Oireachtas is the legislature of Ireland, it consists of The President and the two houses of The Oireachtas (The Dail and The Seanad)

The Dail is the lower house of the Oireachtas and consists of Teachta Dála who are elected by the Irish people. They need a majority vote to pass bills into law. After a bill is passed by The Dail it then goes to the Seanad.

The Seanad consists of 60 members and in theory it does not recognise affiliations with political parties. The Seanad revises and votes on legislation that has been passed by The Dail.

The Judiciary:untitled

The Judiciary receives a significant amount of government funding and consists of several courts. All of which have a specific function.

In order of least to most importance, they are:

1 The District court:

This court deals with minor criminal matters such as small civil claims and family law applications.

2 The Circuit court:

This court deals with serious criminal matters excluding the most serious crimes (murder and rape)

3 The High court:

The High court hears appeals from the circuit court and has the power to overturn them.

4 The Supreme court:

The Supreme court  hears appeals from the High Court in the limited circumstances set out in the Constitution.

5 The European court of Justice: 

The European  Court of Justice is the highest court with regard to the laws of the European Union, although it does not supersede the highest courts in national law, this means it isn’t possible to appeal the decisions of national courts to The European court of Justice.

There are also separate courts such as the special criminal court which deals with highly dangerous criminals such as terrorists and gangsters, and the children’s court which deals with young offenders under the age of eighteen.

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